PSYCHOLOGICAL WELLBEING SURVEY (18 items).

This measure will help you assess your overall well-being. Well-being comprises six major areas: autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations with others, purpose in life, and self-acceptance

INSTRUCTIONS:

For each item, indicate how much you agree or disagree based on the following scale:

1 = strongly agree

2 = somewhat agree

3 = a little agree

4 = neither agree or disagree

5 = a little disagree

6 = somewhat disagree

7 = strongly disagree

QUESTIONNAIRE:

  1. “I like most parts of my personality.”
  2. “When I look at the story of my life, I am pleased with how things have turned out so far.”
  3. “Some people wander aimlessly through life, but I am not one of them.”
  4. “The demands of everyday life often get me down.”
  5. “In many ways I feel disappointed about my achievements in life.”
  6. “Maintaining close relationships has been difficult and frustrating for me.”
  7. “I live life one day at a time and don’t really think about the future.”
  8. “In general, I feel I am in charge of the situation in which I live.”
  9. “I am good at managing the responsibilities of daily life.”
  10. “I sometimes feel as if I’ve done all there is to do in life.”
  11. “For me, life has been a continuous process of learning, changing, and growth.”
  12. “I think it is important to have new experiences that challenge how I think about myself and the world.”
  13. “People would describe me as a giving person, willing to share my time with others.”
  14. “I gave up trying to make big improvements or changes in my life a long time ago”
  15. “I tend to be influenced by people with strong opinions”
  16. “I have not experienced many warm and trusting relationships with others.”
  17. “I have confidence in my own opinions, even if they are different from the way most other people think.”
  18. “I judge myself by what I think is important, not by the values of what others think is important.”

SCORING:

Calculate your scores by summing up the scores in each subscale (core dimension) separately.

For each category, a high score indicates that you have mastery of that area in your life. Conversely, a low score shows that you struggle to feel comfortable in that particular area of your life.

SIX CORE DIMENSIONS:

The Autonomy subscale items: (you feel autonomous and independent)

15 -17 -18.

The Environmental Mastery subscale items: (you feel in control of your environment)

4 – 8 – 9.

The Personal Growth subscale items: (you feel you have/ are able to grow as a result of your experiences)

11- 12 – 14.

The Positive Relations with Others subscale items:

6 – 13 – 16.

The Purpose in Life subscale items:

3 – 7- 10.

The Self-Acceptance subscale items:

1 – 2 – 5.

ATTENTION REVERSE CODED ITEMS!

1, 2, 3, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 17, and 18

The formula for reverse-scoring an item is: (7 + 1) – (Respondent’s answer)

For example, If you answered 3 on item #1, you would re-code your answer as: (7 + 1) – 3 = 5.

In other words, you would enter a 5 for item #1.

INTERPRETING YOUR RESULTS

Self-acceptance

High scorer: Possesses a positive attitude toward the self; acknowledges and accepts multiple aspects of self, including good and bad qualities; feels positive about past life.

Low scorer: Feels dissatisfied with self; is disappointed with what has occurred with past life; is troubled about certain personal qualities; wishes to be different than what he or she is.

Positive relations with others

High scorer: Has warm, satisfying, trusting relationships with others; is concerned about the welfare of others; capable of strong empathy, affection, and intimacy; understands give and take of human relationships.

Low scorer: Has few close, trusting relationships with others; finds it difficult to be warm, open, and concerned about others; is isolated and frustrated in interpersonal relationships; not willing to make compromises to sustain important ties with others.

Autonomy

High scorer: Is self-determining and independent; able to resist social pressures to think and act in certain ways; regulates behavior from within; evaluates self by personal standards.

Low scorer: Is concerned about the expectations and evaluations of others; relies on judgments of others to make important decisions; conforms to social pressures to think and act in certain ways.

Environmental mastery

High scorer: Has a sense of mastery and competence in managing the environment; controls complex array of external activities; makes effective use of surrounding opportunities; able to choose or create contexts suitable to personal needs and values.

Low scorer: Has difficulty managing everyday affairs; feels unable to change or improve surrounding context; is unaware of surrounding opportunities; lacks sense of control over external world.

Purpose in life

High scorer: Has goals in life and a sense of directedness; feels there is meaning to present and past life; holds beliefs that give life purpose; has aims and objectives for living.

Low scorer: Lacks a sense of meaning in life; has few goals or aims, lacks sense of direction; does not see purpose of past life; has no outlook or beliefs that give life meaning.

Personal growth

High scorer: Has a feeling of continued development; sees self as growing and expanding; is open to new experiences; has sense of realizing his or her potential; sees improvement in self and behavior over time; is changing in ways that reflect more self-knowledge and effectiveness.

Low scorer: Has a sense of personal stagnation; lacks sense of improvement or expansion over time; feels bored and uninterested with life; feels unable to develop new attitudes or behaviors.

Sources:

Ryff, C. D., Almeida, D. M., Ayanian, J. S., Carr, D. S., Cleary, P. D., Coe, C., … Williams, D. (2010). National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States (MIDUS II), 2004-2006: Documentation of psychosocial constructs and composite variables in MIDUS II Project 1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research.

Ryff, C. D., & Keyes, C. L. M. (1995). The structure of psychological well-being revisited. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69(4), 719–727.

https://positivepsychology.com/ryff-scale-psychological-wellbeing/


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