The stress response is orchestrated by the release of glucocorticoids, epinephrine, and norepinephrine. This hormonal cascade forms the backbone of the body’s preparation for stress, but it also involves the suppression of other hormones related to reproduction, digestion, tissue repair, and growth. Beyond the fight or flight reaction, the endocrine stress response includes slower-acting hormones […]
Chronic social stress damages the connections between brain cells in the motor cortex resulting in impaired movements and inability to learn new sets of movements.
This article discusses the role of the Locus coeruleus in the generation of pathological anxiety.